David Crosby, one of the major music forces of the 20th century, died on January 19th of undisclosed causes at the age of 81. Crosby, who had battled back against crippling drug dependency and then poor health for decades, was one of the few musicians of his generation still pushing creative boundaries with new and young collaborators and finishing strong with a brilliant recent run of stage performances and studio recordings. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice — first as a co-founding member of the Byrdsin 1991 and then as part of Crosby, Stills & Nash in 1997.
The Crosby family issued the following statement:
It is with great sadness after a long illness, that our beloved David (Croz) Crosby has passed away. He was lovingly surrounded by his wife and soulmate Jan and son Django. Although he is no longer here with us, his humanity and kind soul will continue to guide and inspire us. His legacy will continue to live on through his legendary music. Peace, love, and harmony to all who knew David and those he touched. We will miss him dearly. At this time, we respectfully and kindly ask for privacy as we grieve and try to deal with our profound loss. Thank you for the love and prayers.
Longtime partner Stephen Stills posted on Facebook: "I read a quote in this morning’s paper attributed to composer Gustav Mahler that stopped me for a moment: 'Death has, on placid cat’s paws, entered the room.' I shoulda known something was up. David and I butted heads a lot over time, but they were mostly glancing blows, yet still left us numb skulls. I was happy to be at peace with him. He was without question a giant of a musician, and his harmonic sensibilities were nothing short of genius. The glue that held us together as our vocals soared, like Icarus, towards the sun. I am deeply saddened at his passing and shall miss him beyond measure."
Graham Nash posted: "It is with a deep and profound sadness that I learned that my friend David Crosby has passed. I know people tend to focus on how volatile our relationship has been at times, but what has always mattered to David and me more than anything was the pure joy of the music we created together, the sound we discovered with one another, and the deep friendship we shared over all these many long years. David was fearless in life and in music. He leaves behind a tremendous void as far as sheer personality and talent in this world. He spoke his mind, his heart, and his passion through his beautiful music and leaves an incredible legacy. These are the things that matter most. My heart is truly with his wife, Jan, his son, Django, and all of the people he has touched in this world."
Brian Wilson also took to Facebook, writing: "I don’t know what to say other than I’m heartbroken to hear about David Crosby. David was an unbelievable talent — such a great singer and songwriter. And a wonderful person who was always so complimentary. And I always felt the same about him. David was one of the giants of our time — I just am at a loss for words. Love & Mercy to David’s family and friends. Love, Brian"
Last November, Crosby released his latest live set —David Crosby & The Lighthouse Band Live at The Capitol Theatre. Hereceived raves for his 2021 solo set,For Free, which features key collaborators in recent years — sonJames Raymond,Snarky Puppy’sMichael League,Michelle Willis, andBecca Stevens.
The album, which peaked at Number Two on the UKIndependent Albumschart, is named after "Croz's" cover of theJoni Mitchellclassic.For Freefeatures a new cover portrait byJoan Baez, and contributions fromSteely Dan'sDonald Fagen, and theDoobie Brothers'Michael McDonald.
Although forced off the road during the pandemic Crosby had been planning a tentative return to the stage. In 2022, Crosby sold his entire music catalogue to music mogulIrving Azoff's Iconic Music Group. He warmed the hearts of fans with his recent no-holds-barredonline advice column,Ask Croz, viaRollingStone.com.
David Crosby, whose father was Academy Award-winning cinematographerFloyd Crosby, grew up in affluent towns in and around Los Angeles, and later Santa Barbara, California. Crosby first attained fame as part of theByrds, which he co-founded withRoger McGuinn,Gene Clark,Chris Hillman, andMichael Clarkein 1964. The next year, the Byrds went on to score two Number Ones with a cover ofBobDylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and an electric beat arrangement ofPete Seeger's "Turn, Turn, Turn."
By 1967, Crosby, who was always an excellent harmonist, had developed a unique modular guitar tuning style, and began submitting seminal '60s work to the band's sessions, including "What's Happening?!?!," "Everybody Has Been Burned," "Draft Morning," and the 1967 psychedelic classic "Lady Friend." Most notably, Crosby co-wrote the band's groundbreaking 1966 single "Eight Miles High." Due to the growing mature nature of his songs and differing musical attitudes with McGuinn and Hillman, Crosby was fired from the Byrds.
In his 1988 autobiography,Long Time Gone, Crosby recalled being dumped by the band, remembering that, "(They said), 'You're real difficult to work with. We don't dig your songs and we think we'll do better without you.'"
In 1968, Crosby joined forces with theBuffalo Springfield'sStephen Stillsand theHollies' Graham Nash to form the supergroup Crosby, Stills & Nash. It was on their self-titled 1969 debut that Crosby was finally able to shine on Woodstock-era anthems such as "Long Time Gone," "Wooden Ships," and "Guinevere."
The group's 1970 follow up album,Déjà Vu, added Neil Young to the lineup and included such Crosby classics as the album's title track and "Almost Cut My Hair." During the group's frequent sabbaticals, Crosby and Nash continued to work together, most often working as a duo.
Recently released isCrosby,Stills,Nash, &Young's "super deluxe" 50th anniversary edition of 1970'sDéjà Vu, featuring four CD's, and one LP. Among the 38 newly released tracks featuring demos, outtakes, and alternate versions — is an unedited 10-minute version of Crosby's tour-de-force, "Almost Cut My Hair."
2019 saw the theatrical release of the recent warts-and-all documentary,David Crosby: Remember My Name. The movie was helmed by first time feature-doc directorA.J. Eatonand produced byCameron Crowe, and featured an unflinching look at Crosby's tumultuous life and career.
During a recent chat withRolling Stone, David Crosby spoke about the 2020drug overdose death of his 21-year-old biological son,Beckett Cypher— whom he fathered forMelissa EtheridgeandJulie Cypher: "The biggie is my kid died. I didn’t get to raise that kid and I didn’t mean to raise that kid, but he was here many times. I loved him and he loved me and he was family to me. (Pause) It’s hard. You’re not supposed to have your kids die before you die. That’s a real punch in the face. It’s like a train hits you and then you have to get back up. So I’m having a hard time. It’s a real hard one and I haven’t yet cried and I’m gonna and it’s hard."
Croz went on to say: "In the middle of all that, I get trigger-finger tendonitis in my hands. I went in to get it fixed and it didn’t work. Now I’m in a tremendous amount of pain in my right hand. It’s entirely possible that I may never play guitar again."
Also in 2018, David Crosby announced he was seeking a licensing relationship with a national or global Cannabis company, which would provide the exclusive license of his iconic name and likeness for worldwide use. Crosby, who plans to use his brand name "Mighty Croz" as a tip of the hat to his legendary nickname "Croz," will "actively advise the selected Cannabis company in developing and marketing the brand."
Crosby's recent creative resurgence saw him working both on his own and with son James Raymond — along with other much younger musicians. In February 2014,Croz— which marked Crosby's first new studio collection in over 20 years — peaked at an impressive Number 36 on theBillboard 200albums charts.Crozalso hit Number Two on the magazine'sTop Folk Albumschart, Number Six on theTop Independent Albumschart, and Number Seven on theTop Internet Saleschart.
Back in 2010, the list of the "Best Albums" published by The Vatican’s official newspaper,L’Osservatore Romano, ranked Crosby's 1971 solo set,If I Could Only Remember My Name, second to theBeatles’ 1966 masterpiece,Revolver. Crosby was baffled by the honor, tellingQmagazine, "No one has yet worked out what the hell that was all about. And why should The Vatican have an opinion on music in the first place? And to choose me?! It baffles me as much as it baffles you, man. I got an email fromDavid Gilmoursaying, 'Dammit! —Pink Floydonly came in third.'"
In March 2016,Graham Nashrevealed that his relationship with David Crosby is virtually non-existent at this point and thatCrosby, Stills, & Nash were effectively over.Classic Rockmagazine translated a then-recent Nash interview with Dutch magazineLust For Life,which spelled out the end of CSN: "It's the first time I've said this out loud but this is the way it is. You asked me if there is more CSN? Well, my answer is no and that is very sad because we were pretty good but I'm currently not fond of David Crosby. He treated me horrible the last two years. Really, really awful. I've been there for him for 45 years to save his f***ing ass but he treats me like dirt. You can't do that to me. You can do it for a day or so, until I think you're coming around but if you keep going and I keep getting nasty e-mails, then I'm done. F*** you. David has ripped the heart out of Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young."
Nash spoke toRadio.comregarding Crosby slammingNeil Youngfor leaving his wife of nearly 40 years for actressDaryl Hannah. Nash was asked if he would be the one to ever help mend that fence: "I’m not sure I can undo this one. This one is a deep one. You can’t insult Neil Young personally like that and hope to get away with it. And I told David that he was wrong to have said that and that he should jump on it and try and figure it out with Neil. But he waited about a year, and that’s way too long, and he did it publicly onThe Howard Stern Show, apologized to Neil. But it was way too late."
Nash went on to explain: "Hey listen, I’m the guy that wrote 'Wasted On The Way'because of all the songs that I wish we had written and had sung and had been together enough to make more music than we did. But I guess it’s what it is. I mean if CSN or CSNY never play another note of music, then that’s how it is."
Although their relationship was admittedly strained by the time of Crosby's death, when we last caught up with Crosby he said that his bond with Graham Nash went way beyond just music:["There's a kinship there. I have tremendous respect and love for him, and he must love me, otherwise he would've tossed me aside long ago. And you can hear it in how we work with each other, what we do with our voices. It's sort of like a pair of aerobatic, y'know stunt flyers, flying formation and doing stunts together."] SOUNDCUE(:20 OC . . . and doing stunts together)
Art Garfunkel, who enlisted Crosby and Nash's help for his 1975 albumBreakawaysays that Crosby's vocal talent is unparalleled:["David Crosby can be very breathy and velvety, and, like, Brazilian. Perfect pitch, no vibrato. David Crosby, in his heyday, was one of the great baritones."] SOUNDCUE(:10 OC: . . . the great baritones)
Longtime friendJoe Walshexplained to us the hidden majesty of David Crosby's vocal talents:["Y'know, if you listen to David Crosby in Crosby, Stills, & Nash, you never really hear him. You hear Stephen and you hear Graham — but the whole foundation of Crosby, Stills, & Nash is David Crosby — that ghost voice in the middle."] SOUNDCUE(:17 OC: . . . in the middle)
By the early '80s, Crosby had hit rock bottom due to cocaine and heroin addictions. In 1985 he served nine months in Texas State Prison for weapons and drug charge violations, and finally became sober.
In late-1994, on the eve of undergoing a liver transplant operation; he learned that his then-30-year-old biological son, keyboardist James Raymond, who was given up for adoption at birth, had tried to make contact with him. The father and son met the next year, and eventually formed a trio with guitaristJeff Pevar, calledCPR.
In 2004, Crosby was arrested in New York City for weapons, and marijuana possession. Later that year, he plead guilty and paid a $5,000 fine. Although Crosby had been thought to be completely clean after sobering up in the mid-'80s, he admitted at the time he sometimes used marijuana to curb the constant pain that resulted from his liver transplant.
Crosby, a father of six who has cheated death on numerous occasions, said that he's grown to enjoy every day he's still alive:["It's a funny thing happens. When you come close to dying, and you don't, each day becomes this precious jewel, this commodity that it's so valuable to you. And you wind up really being excited with it, and really wantin' to do something with every minute of every day. You have what the French call a 'raison d'etre,' a reason for being."] SOUNDCUE(:19 OC: . . . reason for being)
A while back, when things were good between the lifelong friends, we asked Graham Nash if above his connections with Stephen Stills and Neil Young, he feels more spiritually and musically attuned to Crosby:["I would have to say so. I think my relationship with Crosby is very special. I'm very close to Stephen, and I'm very close to Neil — but I'msuperclose to David. For some reason, I've always recognized his madness. I've always recognized that he's one of the most unique musicians on the planet. There's nobody like David; He thinks in chords and time structure that is beyond me. I'm this simple guy from Salford who writes simple songs, y'know? But the combination of both of our musical abilities is what fascinates me — and he's a fascinating person. I'm learning from David every single day — how to live my life and how to not live my life."] SOUNDCUE(:31 OC: . . . live my life)
While at the Sundance Film Festival promotingRemember My Name, Crosby spoke withTheWrap.comand was asked about what he would say to his estranged friend and partner, Graham Nash:["'Probably tell him that I love him, 'cause that's the highest of the emotions that I feel about it. That's the best that I got. We singwonderfullytogether and we made incredibly good music together. All four of us in that band have beenhorribleto each other (laughs)manytimes. One of us has left another of us in the middle of a tour, just hangin' — 'See ya, bye! Deal with it' We've done a lot of weird[beep]to each other. So, if I had a chance to talk to him, I'd sit down and say, 'Hey, y'know, I haven't changed, I'm still the same[beep – beep]you started with in the first place."] SOUNDCUE(:28 OC: . . . the first place)
David Crosby told us that being a singer-songwriter has allowed him a unique connection to the human race. He told us about the best part of doing what he does:["People come up to me and say, 'Jeez, I don't wanna disturb you, but we conceived our first child to that song, and it means so much to me'. . . 'The reason I bought a sailboat is because 'Wooden Ships' transported me'. . . 'I don't wanna bug you, but, y'know, if I didn't have that first Crosby, Stills, & Nash record to listen to when I was in the 'Nam — I wouldn't have made it back. It kept my spirits up. Times when nothing else did.' Well (laughs), you gottaliveon that stuff, man. That really makes you feel like you have a purpose. There are times when it comes back to you the most astoundingly rewarding ways. And that's probably it, when you know you've touched somebody's life. Or expressed something that really meant something to them."] SOUNDCUE(:40 OC: . . . something to them)
The singer's cause of death has not been revealed, but he had faced health challenges in the decades prior. In 1994 Crosby underwent a liver transplant, and experts say the long-term success of his transplant is a sign of the medical advancements in treatment.What health problems did David Crosby have? ›
Crosby had long dealt with serious health problems, including multiple heart attacks, diabetes and hepatitis C, for which he had a liver transplant in 1994. In spite of those challenges, the veteran musician enjoyed a creative hot streak in recent years.What is the average life expectancy after a liver transplant? ›
Liver transplant survival rates
In general, about 75% of people who undergo liver transplant live for at least five years. That means that for every 100 people who receive a liver transplant for any reason, about 75 will live for five years and 25 will die within five years.
The long-term outlook for a liver transplant is generally good. More than 9 out of every 10 people are still alive after 1 year, around 8 in every 10 people live at least 5 years, and many people live for up to 20 years or more.Why did Crosby and Nash fall out? ›
At times, they were inseparable, making four studio albums together when CSN weren't working. Nash always seemed to be there for Crosby to haul him out of the depths. But times have changed. Nash says he simply got tired of Crosby badmouthing him.When did David Crosby get a new liver? ›
Crosby underwent a liver transplant in 1994 after decades of drug use and survived diabetes, hepatitis C and heart surgery in his 70s.Why was David Crosby kicked out of the Byrds? ›
Two years later, by Crosby's own account, he was kicked out of the group after his bandmates accused him of being “terrible and crazy and unsociable and a bad writer and a terrible singer.”What disease does Stephen Stills have? ›
On December 17, 2007, Graham Nash revealed on Larry King Live that Stills had been diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer and that his operation would take place on January 3, 2008, which is Stills's birthday. Stills said later in January 2008 that he had come through the operation with "flying colors."Why did Crosby Stills and Nash get removed from Spotify? ›
Crosby also explained why he sold his catalog. “Spotify doesn't pay us. I had two ways of making a living, touring and records. Spotify comes along, and I don't get paid for records anymore,” he said.How did Nash live with schizophrenia? ›
In Nash's view, he rationally willed his own recovery, although it took him a quarter-century to do so, a period during which he was often cared for by his devoted wife Alicia, his mother and sister, and a supportive mathematics community.
Nash seeing an imaginary roommate, a formidable, police-type spymaster, and a child. This makes for exciting theater, but it is remote from the reality where the hallucinations were primarily auditory, and where the delusions were not, as the movie indicates, solely about Nash being urged to combat Russian spying.Did Nash cure himself? ›
Mathematician John Nash, who died May 23 in a car accident, was known for his decades-long battle with schizophrenia—a struggle famously depicted in the 2001 Oscar-winning film "A Beautiful Mind." Nash had apparently recovered from the disease later in life, which he said was done without medication.Can you ever drink again after a liver transplant? ›
If your liver transplant was due to an alcohol-related disease, you must never drink alcohol again as you risk harming your transplanted liver. This also applies if alcohol was thought to have contributed to your liver disease, even if it was not the main cause.What is the oldest age for a liver transplant? ›
"There is no standard age limit to be transplanted. Each transplant program sets its own practice. For example, one program may not accept anyone older than 80 years of age; another may have no age limit. A few medical conditions might rule out a transplant.How painful is a liver transplant? ›
There is pain after liver transplant surgery, however it is generally not as severe as with other abdominal surgeries. This is because nerves are severed during the initial abdominal incision causing numbness of the skin around the abdomen. These nerves regenerate over the following six months and sensation returns.Can a living person donate a liver and still live? ›
Living Donor Liver Transplant
Living donation is possible because the liver is the only organ that can regenerate itself. An adult may be able to donate a portion of their liver to a child or another adult.
Organ procurement can be difficult due to the global shortage of organ donors. So just how much does a liver cost? According to the Milliman study, a liver costs an average of $104,000. Hospital admission for a transplant is the largest expense for a liver transplant.Who was the love of Joni Mitchell's life? ›
Crosby and Mitchell shared a relationship after they began dating around 1967. The duo had a significant impact on one another's careers.
When Graham Nash published his 2013 memoir, Critics at Large warned readers not to expect a juicy tell-all: "Nash is too nice a guy, too gentle, too caring to hang his friends out to dry." The British singer-songwriter is the quintessential friend in need—he even stood by former bandmate David Crosby in very dark times ...Are Crosby Stills and Nash talking? ›
Crosby admitted he also doesn't speak to Nash, saying: “Graham just changed from the guy I thought was my best friend to being a guy that is definitely my enemy, so I don't see any future there at all… He gave the impression of looking after me, but apparently that was all just trying to keep the money coming.”
Melissa Etheridge and David Crosby in Los Angeles in 2000. Crosby was the sperm donor who helped Etheridge and then-partner Julie Cypher have two kids. David Crosby gave fellow musician Melissa Etheridge “the gift of family,” the latter wrote in a Thursday tribute to the Crosby, Stills & Nash legend.Who hit Crosby and gave him a concussion? ›
Crosby returned to the Penguins lineup four nights later against the Tampa Bay Lightning. But against Tampa Bay, Crosby was hit from behind by Victor Hedman and again he struggled off the ice.How long was Crosby out with broken jaw? ›
Despite the discomfort involved, he found that the five-week recovery plan from the broken jaw was much easier than dealing with his head injuries. He could see progress every day. "He's gone through so much with the concussions," said Pat Brisson, Mr.Who sued the Crosby family? ›
(Id. at 6.) On September 29, 2009, the Mittelstaedts sued the Crosbys.How many Byrds are still alive? ›
In 1991, the Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, an occasion that saw the five original members performing together for the last time. Gene Clark died of a heart attack later that year, while Michael Clarke died of liver failure in 1993. David Crosby died in January 2023.When was Crosby fired from the Byrds? ›
Formed more out of common ambition than fraternal bonding, the Byrds were racked by dissent. Clark, a prolific writer of melodically imaginative, bittersweet ballads, left in 1966; Crosby was fired in 1967 during the making of The Notorious Byrd Brothers (1968).Why did Jim McGuinn change his name to Roger? ›
Why did Jim McGuinn change his name to Roger? Jim was born James Joseph McGuinn III. He changed his name in 1967 because a guru in Indonesia said that a new name would vibrate better with the universe. The guru sent Jim the letter "R" and asked him to send back ten names starting with that letter.Were Stephen Stills and Judy Collins a couple? ›
MARTIN: Half a century ago, singer-songwriter Stephen Stills and Judy Collins fell in love. The romantic relationship only lasted two years, but the imprint of one on the other endured. After the couple split, Stephen joined the now legendary group Crosby, Stills & Nash.Does David Crosby have kids? ›
David CrosbyWere Judy Collins and Stephen Stills married? ›
Stephen Stills and Judy Collins decided to celebrate their 50-year relationship by recording an album and performing on an extensive tour. Stills mentioned during the show that the secret to the longevity of their relationship is that they never married each other. They married other people instead.
Crosby, Stills & Nash music can now be streamed on Spotify once again, five months after David Crosby, Graham Nash and Stephen Stills requested their labels remove their recordings in support of Neil Young's decision to leave the streaming service.Do Crosby Stills and Nash own their music? ›
His most famous band recordings (including Crosby, Stills & Nash and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young) are owned by Warner Music Group; his most famous solo recordings are owned by BMG (via its 2013 acquisition of Sanctuary); and some of his other solo recordings are now owned by Irving Azoff's Iconic Artists Group, which ...Why did John Nash not take his medication? ›
The Side-Effect Problem. In the movie, after Nash is hospitalized for his illness, he receives insulin-shock therapy and begins taking one of the first-generation antipsychotic medications. The side effects of the drugs are too much for him, though, and before long, he stops taking the medication.What medications was John Nash taking? ›
Nash in fact received Thorazine when he was committed, but it was prescribed only half-heartedly. Nash must have picked up, on some level, that medication was a second-class treatment. Nash's first exposure to chlorpromazine occurred in a setting where the doctors were, at best, ambivalent about its efficacy.Did John Nash hear voices? ›
Initially I did not hear any voices. Some years went by before I heard voices and -- I became first disturbed in 1959, and I didn't hear voices until the summer of 1964 I think, but then after that, I heard voices, and then I began arguing with the concept of the voices.Why did Nash stop antipsychotics? ›
At age 31, he develops schizophrenia and suffers a mental breakdown. Because of his hallucinations and bizarre behavior, Nash is eventually placed on anti-psychotic drugs. But in the film, he stops taking the drugs after finding that they dull his senses, emotions and sex drive.Did Nash actually work for the government? ›
John Nash did not directly work for the government. After graduating from Princeton, John Nash took a job at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a consultant job at RAND Corporation, where he had access to military and government information.Was John Nash a genius? ›
Nash was widely regarded as one of the great mathematicians of the 20th century, known for the originality of his thinking and for his fearlessness in wrestling down problems so difficult that few others dared tackle them.What is the life expectancy for NASH? ›
Life expectancy greatly decreases if NASH progresses to cirrhosis—complete scarring of the liver. It is the most serious complication of NASH. The average life expectancy for those with decompensated liver failure is about two years.Is NASH always fatal? ›
NASH in itself isn't necessarily life-threatening, but the presence of NASH with other risk factors such as older age and diabetes may increase the risk of progression to end-stage liver disease, which is a terminal condition.
The survival of patients with NASH cirrhosis falls markedly once decompensation occurs, with a median survival of approximately two years .Why did David Crosby have a liver transplant? ›
Crosby was the recipient of a highly publicized liver transplant, paid for by Phil Collins, in 1994. News of his transplant created some controversy because of his celebrity status and his past problems with drug and alcohol addiction. Crosby's liver problems stemmed from a long run with hepatitis C.Why did Crosby Stills and Nash fall out? ›
At times, they were inseparable, making four studio albums together when CSN weren't working. Nash always seemed to be there for Crosby to haul him out of the depths. But times have changed. Nash says he simply got tired of Crosby badmouthing him.Are David Crosby and Graham Nash friends again? ›
The two have been estranged for the past seven years will reunite, in a manner, in a new Nash and Crosby compilation album that Nash is overseeing. “I do miss David,” Nash says of his former musical parner.Who is the longest living liver transplant recipient? ›
Funni has survived for nearly 40 years. … Patients like Patti Funni inspire and give hope to other people facing challenging illness.” So much more hope has been given to others who have had liver transplants through Funni, who used to host “liver parties,” where she'd gather others who had liver transplants.Did Joni Mitchell dump Graham Nash? ›
Joni Mitchell and Graham Nash's relationship ended in disastrous circumstances for both of them. However, it provided the world with some fine music that came from the high-profile pair falling out of love. Despite only being an item for two years, their time in the Laurel Canyon changed their respective careers.Did Joni Mitchell dated Graham Nash and David Crosby? ›
Graham Nash fell in love with Joni Mitchell the night they met. In 1967, Mitchell met David Crosby. She accompanied him back to Los Angeles and met all of his friends. After a brief romantic relationship, they went their separate ways.